Many people notice skin discoloration in their legs, but most of them are not aware of the reason. The first impression is that the skin is dirty. However, some skin discoloration has nothing to do with hygiene issues. The most common cause is vein disease. This disease occurs in a lot of people, especially in the USA. Here are the symptoms to look for that need medical skin care treatment.
Symptoms that Require Treatment
- Red, brown, or purple patches on the legs (usually below the knee)
- Skin inflammation and irritation causing pain
- Dry, crusty, or scaly skin
- Skin texture that is leathery or hard to the touch
- Ulcers or open sores
- A bacterial infection (cellulitis)
Causes for Skin Discoloration
Skin discoloration occurs when there is poor circulation in the legs. When blood pools or sits under the skin without adequate circulation through the heart, the iron in the blood breaks down and stains the skin.
Poor circulation in the skin is a symptom of many medical conditions. Here are a few:
- Venous Stasis Dermatitis. Diseased veins do not allow proper circulation—blood pools and leaks into the skin.
- Hemosiderin Deposits. When iron in the blood breaks down, these deposits can collect in the skin, causing discoloration.
- Varicose Veins. This condition is due to weak vein walls and valves. Unable to efficiently circulate the blood back to the heart, it pools and causes discoloration.
- Spider Veins. These veins look like a red spider web beneath the skin’s surface. They are caused by heredity, obesity, trauma, and hormone level fluctuations.
These health situations can trigger the above-listed medical conditions.
- Pregnancy. The most common cause is pregnancy. Pregnancy puts extra pressure on the veins, often resulting in varicose veins.
- Weight. People who are overweight tend to have discolored patches on the legs because of intense pressure in the veins due to the extra weight.
- Blood Clots. People that have issues with blood clots in veins can have discoloration.
- Kidney Failure. When kidney function declines, toxins build up in the body. These toxins can cause color changes in the skin.
- Surgery. People who have had surgery or suffered an injury can have skin discoloration. However, the discoloration tends to dissipate once the wound heals.
People who suffer from skin discoloration can get it treated, but a medical examination is of utmost importance to determine the underlying reason. Once the medical condition is being treated, lifestyle changes can help with increasing blood circulation.
- Exercise. Exercise needs to be incorporated into the lifestyle as it helps ensure individuals’ health and wellness.
- Clothing. People who frequently have discoloration should avoid wearing tight clothes that restrict blood flow.
- Products. Some chemicals and products can cause skin discoloration. Check with a dermatologist about products you use.
A specialist should check even a small discolored patch.
Nirvelli Med Spa & Laser
Do you have spider or varicose veins on your legs? Nirvelli Med Spa & Laser can help. We have treatments that can reduce the veins and restore normal coloration to your legs. Contact us at 919-297-0107 and schedule a consultation today. With proper treatment and skin care, your legs will be looking great by summer!